While you’re pondering the significance that “a new study sponsored by Nasa’s Goddard Space Flight Center has highlighted the prospect that global industrial civilisation could collapse in coming decades due to unsustainable resource exploitation and increasingly unequal wealth distribution,” also ponder the wisdom of Buzz Holling, the “father of resilience theory,” developed and refined his ideas about how natural systems evolve and change into a theory of “panarchy,” whose “essential focus is to rationalize the interplay between change and persistence, between the predictable and unpredictable.”


Here’s a schematic representation of panarchy:

Panarchy graphic

And here’s how the concept of adaptive response leads to resilience,  the capacity of an ecosystem to respond to a perturbation or disturbance by resisting damage and recovering quickly:

Resilience graphic

More tomorrow.